Dutch for Beginners: To Have

The verb "hebben" (to have) is another important word. It is used both as a notional verb meaning "to possess, to own" and as an auxilary verb.

The key forms of the verb are as follows:

Tegenwoordige tijd Present tense
Ik heb I have
Jij hebt / heb jij (*) You have (informal, singular)
Hij, zij heeft He, she has
U heeft (**) You have (polite, singular or plural)
Wij hebben We have
Jullie hebben You have (informal, plural)
Zij hebben They have

(*) In so-called inverted sentences (such as questions), where the personal pronoun follows the verb, "heb" (instead of "hebt") is used with "jij". E.g., "Jij hebt een boek" = "You have a book"; but: "Heb jij een boek?" = "Do you have a book?"

(**) "U hebt" is sometimes also used.

Verleden tijd Past tense
Ik had I had
Jij had You had (informal, singular)
Hij, zij had He, she had
U had You had (polite, singular or plural)
Wij hadden We had
Jullie hadden You had (informal, plural)
Zij hadden They had

Voltooide tijd Perfect tense
Ik heb gehad I have had
Jij hebt gehad You have had (informal, singular)
Hij, zij heeft gehad He, she has had
U heeft gehad You have had (polite, singular or plural)
Wij hebben gehad We have had
Jullie hebben gehad You have had (informal, plural)
Zij hebben gehad They have had